By Cecil Hargreaves

This serious review of present models of the Bible in English specializes in matters valuable to present literary and theological debate approximately biblical translation: idiom and intensity of language. the outlet chapters examine sleek translators' unfastened and vigorous use of latest English equivalents of Hebrew and Greek idioms, and their look for readability of which means. The critical chapters study the trendy types' list on resonance, good looks and spirituality of language, assessing positively-though no longer uncritically-a number of champions of the significance of a poetic language of poser. Hargreaves faces squarely the conflict among supporters and competitors of 'natural' language in biblical translation, yet observes that either traditionalists and innovators speak often approximately mind's eye, and sees desire in a standard fight to accomplish either imaginatively poetic and idiomatic nuances in translation.

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Extra info for A Translator's Freedom: Modern English Bibles and Their Language (Biblical Seminar)

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The young David had been sent to take food to his brothers who were fighting against Goliath and the Philistines. He asked some of the men in the army what reward would be given to the man who killed Goliath. David's elder brother rebuked him for leaving his sheep and coming to ask impudent questions. The AV continues, 'And David said, What have I now done? ' This last phrase is a literal translation of an idiomatic Hebrew phrase containing the word diibdr ('word', 'matter'). Modern translations try to catch the Hebrew idiom through a common English idiom.

They arc strong and healthy. They are outside the sufferings of mankind. they arc not whipped like other men. 11 Tush, say they. how should God perceive it: is there knowledge in the most High? And they say. How does God know? ls there knowledge in henven? 27 But it is good for me to hold me f~t by God, to put my trust in the Lord God: and to speak of all thy works in the gntcs of the cbughters of Sion. But my good is to be close to God, my refuge is in God, and to speak of what he has done. 4 5 Notes a.

AJter's translation only has 270 words where the AV h:is 343 and the NED 313. Alter. like Levi. is trying to c:itch the fed of the 'poetic com~tness· of Hchrcw poclly. I. l . The Freedom of New Idiom 35 For they arc in no peril of death: but arc lusty and strong. They come in no misfortune like other folk: neither arc they plagued like other men. They arc not hanged. they arc strong and healthy. They are outside the sufferings of mankind. they arc not whipped like other men. 11 Tush, say they. how should God perceive it: is there knowledge in the most High?

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