By Alessandra Giorgi

This ebook considers the semantic and syntactic nature of indexicals - linguistic expressions, as in I, you, this, that, the day past, tomorrow, whose reference shifts from utterance to utterance.There is a long-standing controversy as to if the semantic reference aspect is already current as syntactic fabric or if it is brought post-syntactically via semantic ideas of interpretation. Alessandra Giorgi resolves this controversy via an empirically grounded exploration of temporal indexicality, arguing that the speaker's temporal position is laid out in the syntactic constitution. She helps her research with theoretical and empirical arguments in accordance with info from English, Italian, chinese language, and Romanian. Professor Giorgi addresses a few tough and longstanding matters within the research of temporal phenomena - together with the Italian imperfect indicative, the houses of the so-called future-in-the-past, and the houses of unfastened oblique Discourse - and exhibits that her framework can account elegantly for them all. rigorously argued, succinct, and obviously written her e-book will allure generally to semanticists in linguistics and philosophy from graduate point upwards and to linguists drawn to the syntax-semantics interface.

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The following example is accordingly odd (the symbol ‘#’ signals this):36 The embedded present subjunctive is ungrammatical. However, as far as its interpretation goes, it exhibits DAR effects. This might mean that, in order to interpret the embedded verbal form, the wrong C structure must be projected in the embedded clause, yielding ungrammaticality. 2 below. 35 See also Giorgi (2009). Consider also the following sentence: i. *Gianni credeva che Maria sia incinta Gianni believed that Maria is(pres subj) pregnant Even if ungrammatical, this sentence is still interpreted, and it turns out to have a DAR interpretation.

The interaction between the morphosyntactic properties of the verbal forms and the rules of grammar determining the temporal location of the embedded event gives rise to the whole paradigm in (14)–(19). 11 11 See Fleischman (2009) for a discussion of the future in Romance and its diachronic development. 1 below. In spite of this apparent similarity with the present tense, however, I show in Chapter 5 that the future has properties of its own, which differentiate it from the other tenses. Consider also that the issue concerning bi-partition of tenses vs.

In Italian, the verb is (I-) merged with T and the feature F are (E-)merged with T at the next step. , with the main subject’s temporal coordinate. As I argued for above, in fact, the T-layer of indicative clauses contains the temporal (and spatial) coordinates of the attitude bearer in its left-most position. 49 Going on with the projection, the complementizer is (E-)merged and T-to-C movement takes place. In the framework developed by Chomsky and scholars in (2001) and (2005), we can say that T is 48 I put aside the questions arising with the indicative imperfect, as in the following sentence: i.

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